Mystery of the Ancient Sea People -Atlantic Peoples                                                                                    homepage

About 2073 years ago the historian Diodorus of Sicily confronted the question, “Is myth really factual and true?” He was writing a universal history of the world and debated within himself –whether to discard myth entirely because the dating in years is not there, and characters and events are told in a style of high allegory and symbolism –but then the universal history of the world would be inaccurate by lacking the greater part of cultural and human experience.

Diodorus makes the point (iii.52) that in his day most people believed that the Amazons originated in the land of the Scythians and the Black Sea. But many of the early poets and historians relate that the Amazons existed long, long before the Trojan War, in the far distant past in Fez and Morocco upon the Atlantic shores and in Western Libya; and that they fought with the original Atlantians and the Gorgons whose leader was Medusa. The home of these ancient Amazons was an island named Hespera in the ocean marsh Tritonis on the Atlantic. It is also reported that Athena was also born among these Amazons, which makes abundant sense as she was a warrior like them. Diodorus claims that his Library of History is a faithful summary of events that he has abstracted from many works –that nothing that is worth hearing may be found missing.

Map of Hespera on the Atlantic Ocean Marsh of Tritonis in Fez-Morocco -later called Marmora.

The historian Diodorus of Sicily visited Egypt in the year 59 BC. Diodorus found and used the remarkable histories of another historian, Dionysius of Mitylene, who lived in Alexandria in the second century BC and obviously utilized the resources of the wonderful library there in that city. This Dionysius was nicknamed "Skytobrachion ("of the leathern arm")  because he wrote so much and with such fervor, including the rare history of the Atlantians, Amazons, and Gorgons who lived on the Atlantic coasts of Fez and Morocco prior to the Trojan War. Diodorus also used the historian Timaeus of Tauromenium, an exile who lived all his life in Athens around 250 BC and also wrote about the lands of the western Mediterranean. It seems most probable that Diodorus Siculus derived his worldview from Skytobrachion's book Kyklos (the Cycles) and the history by Timaeus of Tauromenium when he exposes the underlying reality of myth saying, "The gods were once kings and heroes who have been deified because of the great benefits which they conferred upon mankind (iv.1)." Siculus already wrote that the Atlantians say that the gods were born among them; and that the genesis of the Atlantic gods "does not differ greatly from the myths of the Greeks (iii.56). The Atlantians record that Uranus was their first king and astronomer who helped humanity to such an extent that later generations worshiped him as a god. Siculus also says that the Phrygians share the myths about the mother of the gods with the Atlantians (iii.59) Siculus also cites Homer's Illiad concerning Hera:

For I go to the ends of the bountiful earth,

to Ocean source of the gods, and

their divine mother Tethys [the wife of Uranus]

The history of the Atlantic and Mediterranean regions has been covered up under the name of the so-called Ancient Sea People. This has been done to perpetuate the idea of a Middle-Eastern origin of science and culture -and that all history is progress from the Middle-East. The fact of transatlantic communication has been obscured by the ridiculous propaganda that Christopher Columbus discovered the American continents. It is almost a crime not to associate the names of similar peoples with one another. A careful view of Atlantic history permits the relationship of Palestine Canaan with Phoenicians-Sidonians-Tyrians-Carthagenians. Phoenicians have lived in Emporium and Old Marmora in Fez and Morocco, and in Gades-Cadiz in Spain since time immemorial. These Canaan-Phoenicians profited from the tin trade with England when this element was so necessary to be mixed with copper to form hard bronze. Irish history speaks of the sophisticated mariners from Morocco as the first conquerors of Ireland. Even the great seafarers, the Tyrrhenians are clad with the other name Etruscans -while the advanced Veneti of Vannes who had iron anchors and iron fittings on their trans-Atlantic cargo vessels were never to be confused [per modern academia] with the seamen of Venice on the Po in Italy. Sardenia was a naval empire of North African descent that even dared to attack Egypt. There is plenty of information to call the Ancient Sea Peoples by their proper name -Atlantic Peoples. 

Solon of Athens visited Egypt where he heard a story about the Island of Atlantis and its scientifically advanced civilization. This island was destroyed by earthquakes and tsunami long ago. Plato popularized this tale in his writings. There are many facts that support this story. Diodorus of Sicily cites very ancient writers who confirm that Greek legend and myth are based upon actual historical events that happened upon the African and European shores of the Atlantic. These myths include the travels of Jason and the Argonauts, the adventures of Odysseus, Perseus and Andromeda, Atlas the astronomer and Hercules on his quest for the cattle of King Geryon of Spain and the Apples of the Hesperides upon the Islands of the Blessed in the Atlantic. As well historians confirm that these coastlands were the homeland of the Amazons, Medusa, and the Gorgons; and the birthplace of Dionysus and Athena. It is most likely that a great colony of Atlantis existed in the Bay and islands of Old Marmora on the Moroccan coast. Even this great colony was eradicated by earthquakes -whereupon its remaining citizens set sail for the "New Marmora" by Constantinople. Curiously, the famous Hapgood map was discovered among the archives of the Ottoman Turkish navy at Istanbul/Constantinople near the sea of Marmora. Joseph of Arimathea was also called "from Marmora". There has been so much written in history, myth, and stone about the giant Atlas who holds the sphere of the heavens upon his shoulders that the Etruscans carved a statue of this god-like ancient astronomer who was a patriarch of their ancient nautical culture.

This ancient sea-faring culture is supported by a long history of Phoenician, Basque, Nordic, Irish, Welsh, Britannic, Norman trans-Atlantic voyages and settlement. We should be aware that the name Vasquez and Vasco de Gama belong to the Basque navigators in service to Spain and Portugal. Among these who conducted far reaching trade upon the boundless, thundering ocean were the sailors of the Veneti of Brittany and all their cousins the Morini and Gwends on the Baltic as far as Lithuania, and all those territories taken over by the Normand-Vikings. The earliest inhabitants of Ireland were the Fir-Marocchi (Morocco) and the Fir-Mor of Brittany, and later the Fir-Bolg (Belgian), and the Tautha de Dannan (Danes). Charles Squire in Celtic Myth and Legend (1905) says that until the middle of the 17th century that there were men in Connaught who traced their descent from the ancient Fir Bolg; and that the men of Ulster were descended from the Fir Bolg (associated with the Fir-Marocchi through the Battle of Moytura). Other naval folk of great antiquity were of course the Atlanteans of the Old Bay of Marmora in Morocco (also destroyed by earthquakes and tsunami); and the Phoenicians of the Island of Gades (Cadiz) in Spain and Emporium in Morocco. In the Mediterranean proper were the nautical Greeks of Athens, Corinth, Nauplion, Crete, Troy, and the island Greeks; as well as the Corsicans, Sardinians (Shardanes, depicted in a naval battle with the Egyptians on the temple of Medinet-Habu), Talayotique from the Baleares Islands, Maltese, and the later Phoenicians of Canaan, Tyre, Sidon, Carthage, and New Cartago. Modern history tends to simplify the term "Viking" applying to blond Scandinavians. Yet these seafarers divided themselves into stocky "black-haired Vikings", or the tall "blond-haired Viking", and the troublesome "red-haired Vikings", the dreaded Saxons.

Another document of the ancient nautical culture of the Atlantic Ocean is the long-standing endurance of the Atlantic Prime Meridian located through the Cape Verde Islands, the Canaries, and Madeira. These maps showed Antarctica without its present ice-cap. The Atlantic Meridian marker was probably used at the time of Atlas in constructing the famous world maps and globes which were copied and re-copied down to Renaissance times where they inspired new concepts of spherical demarcation and passed into the corpus of modern cartography. The Chief Librarian of the Library of Alexandria had wished to relocate the Atlantic Prime Meridian to the Pyramids of Giza, but eventually ceded to the olden Atlantic Prime Meridian. Even the famous astronomer and geographer Ptolemy determined to respect and use the ancient Atlantic Prime Meridian. The late Renaissance mapmakers like Abraham Ortelius and Geraldus Mercator likewise preserved the Atlantic Prime Meridian. 

There are many reasons why the true history of the ancient Atlantic shorelands vanished from general usage and recall: The total collapse of the Roman Empire in about 500 AD led to the Dark Ages in Europe and the Mediterranean. The history of the ancient sea people was covered over by a dramatic rebirth of commerce and shipbuilding in Europe. The re-circumnavigation of Africa, the re-discovery of the Americas and the re-opening of global trade routes to the Orient by the VOC, and the many imitators of the East India Company.  The revolt against church authority by Luther in 1517 led to a general revolt against all authority which resulted in the intemperate carnage of the iconoclasts and book-burnings in the Low countries in 1521-22. Further unrest was caused by  the invasion of Europe by the Ottoman Empire who were at the gates of Vienna in 1532. Finally, the incredible wealth generated by the ballooning of mercantilism and commerce of the 1500's totally overshadowed the ship-building heritage of the ancient nautical empire that had existed right beneath the foundations of Britain, Scotland, Ireland, Scandinavia, Denmark, Brittany, Normandy, and the amazing Low Countries from Lithuania to the Rhine. The so-called Vikings were an empire of the North composed of white-blond Norwegian and Swedish race, black haired Danes, and the infamous red-headed Saxons.

Take for example the story of the Golden Age of Antwerp in Brabant in the 15th and 16th centuries. Antwerp was one of the strongest cities in the world in fortifications, wealth, and commerce. The height of the white marble of St. Mary's (OLV) cathedral was only challenged by the magnificence of the Bourse, the world-class financial exchange and banking center, built in the heart of the city. Antwerp boasted an ultra modern port and quays which were serviced by the Crane Operator's Guild handling upwards of 2,500 ships per annum trading around the world. As well, the city was a depot for silver and copper from Southern Germany important to the Spanish and Portuguese traders in slaves and spices from Africa and the Orient. Antwerp was also renowned for its English cloth finishing industry, the diamond exchange, and especially printing. The cosmopolitan liberality permitted the publication of the works of Luther and Tyndale's translation of the first six books of the Old Testament. Most important of all was that Antwerp was the city of Abram Ortel (Ortelius), the creator of the modern Atlas of Maps which broadened the mind and worldview of the intelligentsia, nobility, and the ordinary inquisitive and scholarly mind of the people.


The Ancient Sea Kings of Western Europe and Africa

In Mediterranean history there appear many instances of advanced astronomy, science and building technology which are difficult to account for. These have sometimes been placed into a category named "Ancient Sea People" applied to all "mysterious groups" of navigators who do not conveniently fit into the current worldview of history. Even the Philistines of Palestine are relegated into this group.

One could make a long story out of this or simply refer to Egyptian tomb and papyrus art which depicts astronomical scenes in which gods and the heavenly bodies travel in boats across the sky. Sea People would of course prefer ships to chariots.

The story of Atlantis, the Tartessians of Gadiera (Cadiz) in Spain, the Tyrrhenians of Italy, the Venetians, the renown of the Phoenicians and their colonies in Morocco, Marseilles, New Carthage, Old Cartago; and even the relationship of King Solomon and King Hiram of Canaan all attest to the advanced sea culture present in the Mediterranean.

The extraordinary Annals of Ireland recall that the early inhabitants of their island were Firmorocchi, "The men from Morocco" (Fir-Marocchi). They were described as able navigators and administrators who had superior knowledge of astronomy and the stars. The Patriarchs of the Firmorocchi appear in the subsequent genealogies of all the subsequent invaders of Erin until these records were deemed illegal after 79 AD.

One of the great omissions and subterfuges of modern education and science is the pretense that no one really knew where these ancient sea people came from, and that their astronomical science could not be proved. They were in fact utterly eradicated by Julius Caesar who recorded their prowess on the ocean and their magnificent heavy oak planked vessels with their leather hides for Atlantic storms. The Veneti constructed one of the largest astronomical observatories in the world in Brittany near Vannes at Carnac on the Bay of Moribund (shown above) which boasts the largest assemblages of standing stones at one single site in the entire world. This site also has a passage grave monument with almost identical spirals and ornamentation to that of Newgrange in Ireland which is regarded as the oldest site on the planet at this moment. The region of the Veneti was regarded as the seat and homeland of Druidical practices and superstitions.

There is much dispute about the origins of the Veneti. Strabo outright says that these Veneti founded Venice in Italy on the marshes of the River Po. The Veneti also called themselves Gwends; and the British Geoffrey of Monmouth in his "Life of Merlin" mentions Guendoloena as Merlin's wife, and Gwenddydd as Merlin's sister. Brittany or Bretagne as the name implies has always had a close connection and trade with the islands of Ireland (see the myth of the seven saints) and Britain. Another old name for Brittany was Ar Mor, "on the sea" and also Armorica. The Veneti had relations with the people of Poitou, the Pictones of lower Normandy. The Veneti also had concourse with the Rhydderch of Rotterdam who were likewise famous for their deep-sea vessels which emerged again in history as the ships of the Hanseatic League. During the war with Caesar the Veneti were assisted by the Morini and the Picardie from the Netherlands. The name Roderick (like Rhydderch) appears in the history of Ireland which also tells of invasions from the regions of Denmark.

The name "Wend" (Gwend) also appears among the cities of Lubeck, Danzig, and other cities of the Hanseatic League founded in 1159 and flourishing in 1358. The Hanseatic League was a confederation of trading cities and merchant leagues around Denmark from the coasts of Lithuania to the River Rhine, and Bruges and Cologne. The League had free-trade arrangements with great cities such as London and Novgorod; and maintained prominent and secured trading posts called "Kontors" in most of their trading centers from Russia, Poland, Sweden, and the Baltic to as far afield as Naples. The maps to the left show the wonderful layout of protected rivers, bays, islands, and peninsula that nature provided to Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, and southern Sweden -the traditional home of Viking and pirate navigators that sailed the deep oceans of the globe to the depths of the Mediterranean and Black Sea; and to Greenland, Iceland, and North and South America. The accounts of a blond Kukulcan and Quetzalcoatl affirm this connection. The most ancient annals of the Invasions of Ireland confirm the sequence of conquerors from the dawn of time: the Fir-Morocchi (the men from Morocco), then the Fir-Bolg (the Belgians), then the Tautha de Danaan (the Danes), and finally the Gadelians from the Bay of Biscay in northern Spain.

The Hanseatic League was a renowned center for ship building and they used the design and construction of the ancient Veniti galleons form thousands of years in the past because of their high technology and suitability for Atlantic navigation. It was from this region that the Veneti obtained allies against Julius Caesar, among people who shared their name "Gwend". Later on, the most famous reproductions of ancient advanced sea charts came from this region from the famous studios of Abraham Ortelius and others. An entire context of "ancient sea peoples and kings" over many thousands of years has been hidden under the skin of the modern history of these people continuing to be engaged in sea trade, ship building, and map-making.

The Veneti of Carnac in Brittany

Julius Caesar writes in The Gallic War (iii.7-18) "These Veneti exercise by far the most extensive authority over all the sea-coast in those districts, for they have numerous ships, in which it is their custom to sail to Britain, and they excel the rest in the theory and practice of navigation...The positions of the strongholds were generally of one kind. They were set at the ends of tongues and promontories, so as to allow no approach on foot, when the tide had rushed in from the sea...our own ships were detained by foul weather...on a vast and open sea, with strong tides and few...harbors...the ships of the Gauls...Their keels were considerably more flat than those of our ships, that they might more easily weather shoals and ebb-tide. Their prows were very lofty, and their sterns were similarly adapted to meet the force of waves and storms. The ships were made entirely of oak, to endure any violence and buffeting. The cross-pieces were beams a foot thick, fastened with iron nails as thick as a thumb. The anchors were attached by iron chains instead of cables. Skins and pieces of leather finely finished were used instead of sails...because they thought that the mighty ocean storms and hurricanes could not be ridden out, nor the mighty burden of their ships conveniently controlled, by means of sails. When our fleet encountered these ships it proved its superiority only in speed and oarsmanship; in all other respects, having regard to the locality and the force of the tempests, the others were more suitable and adaptable. For our ships could not damage them with the ram (they were so stoutly built), nor, by reason of their height, was it easy to hurl a pike, and for the same reason they were less readily gripped by grapnels, Moreover, when the wind began to rage and they ran before it, they endured the storm more easily, and rested in shoals more safely, with no fear of rocks or crags if left by the tide; whereas our own vessels could not but dread the possibility of all these chances."

Caesar goes on to describe the battle of the Veneti (56 BC) who arrived with 220 ships. On that particular day an unseasonal calm descended upon the fearsome Atlantic transforming it into a sea of glass without a puff of wind. Caesar writes, "When suddenly a calm so complete and absolute came on that they could not stir from the spot. This circumstance was in the highest degree fortunate...for our troops pursued and boarded the vessels one by one." Caesar therefore put all their Senate to the sword, and sold the rest as slaves.

Er Grah, the Great Menhir and main foresight of the entire astronomical complex of Carnac and the Bay of Quiberon in Brittany stood 66.6 feet tall (n.b. The Washington Memorial stands 6,666 inches tall). This was the home base of the deep-ocean seafarers, the Veneti, whom Julius Caesar utterly decimated. As far as I know there are no academics or scholars who have made the obvious connection between the amazing deep-ocean, oak-built, iron-bound, great-ocean vessels of the Veneti and the world-class astronomical site of Carnac and the Bay of Quiberon where its technology would have assisted navigation, weather forecast, and the creation of accurate sea charts and ephemerides of the Sun, Moon, and planets.

On going studies have shown that the alphabet and script of the Veneti [Venicchi - Phoenicchi - Phoenician?] is similar to the script of the Etruscians. The Etruscians use the Chimaera as their totem animal -a composite animal from the ancient Atlantic culture of the many-formed Echidna, who joined with Typhon to create monsters.

The Origin of Culture and Civilization

Of course navigators and sea people are by definition the most scientifically advanced because of their knowledge of astronomy, sea charts, shipbuilding including mechanisms as sails, cranes, block and tackle, and pulleys to handle heavyweight cargoes. Sailors usually live in castellated settlements to protect their wealth and treasure in stone built houses impervious to the coastal elements. Sailors are usually militaristic, dominant, highly dexterous, athletic, intelligent, knowledgeable, and quick-thinking humans. 

Marinus of Tyre, nor the Alexandrian geographers Eratosthenes and Ptolemy, never tampered or changed the Ancient Atlantic Prime Meridian which goes through the Island of Madeira or the Canary Islands. The trade winds and currents off of the Cape Verde Islands lead directly to the Caribbean which suited the African slave trade. Some ancient maps call these the islands of the Gorgon Amazons. This source material of history, myth, and ancient cartography is the subject of my other book, The Origin of Culture and Civilization (2005).

Because of the Precession of the Vernal Equinoxes, the empires of the Far East such as China and India were in the limelight for thousands of years. Only about 1500 years after Christ did the cycle of Precession come around again to the other side of the globe to feature the geography of Europe. The re-discovery of the Americas has nothing to do with progress and discovery -but rather with the ordinary cycle of Precession which stimulates civilization, trade, and empire upon specific regions of the globe as it revolves around. The Precession of the Vernal Equinoxes is like the minute hand of the cosmic clock. The rotation of the Milky Way generates a much greater period of time similar to the hour hand of the cosmic clock. This slow moving cycle develops and preserves culture and science while moving from west to east in opposition to the Precession of the Vernal Equinoxes.

Western European & African Origins of Science & Culture

The ancient stones of Western Europe and Africa demonstarte the origin of science in this part of the world prior to Egypt and the Middle East. The discoverer of the Megalithic Yard, Alexander Thom, Megalithic Sites in Britain (1967), writes, "It is remarkable that 1000 years before the earliest mathematicians of classical Greece, people in theses islands not only had a practical knowledge of geometry and were capable of setting out elaborate geometrical designs but could also set out ellipses based on Pythagorean triangles. We need not be surprised to find that their calendar was a highly developed arrangement involving an exact knowledge of the length of the year or that they had set up many stations for observing the eighteen-year cycle of the revolution of the lunar nodes (p.3)." Professor Thom continues (p.125) that the intervisable sites at Callanish (c.1800 BC) in the Outer Hebrides use the foresight of Clisham hill to demonstarte a small variation in the inclination of the Moon's orbit -a fact which was not rediscovered until the time of Tycho Brahe (1546-1601 AD).

Dietrich, Origin of Culture (2005) shows that Newgrange and the cosmological crosses around Knockroe (only discovered in 1990. no date as yet) in Ossory, Ireland demonstrate the knowledge of the Golden Mean Proportion and Pie.

The above discussion of the Veneti astronomers, advanced deep-sea ship builders, and navigators is further developed by Dietrich in Origin of Culture which includes the shared traditions of Brittany and Ireland, a history of ancient and Renaissance cartography, the Ancient Prime Meridian, and many other examples of advanced Western Culture and science.

Christopher Knight and Robert Lomas, Uriel's Machine (1999) proclaim, "The written word, astronomy and geometry did not begin in the Middle east, but in Europe (p.212)."

Steven Sora often writes for Atlantis Rising magazine. In edition #98 March 2013, Sora proclaims, "Neither The Odyssey nor The Illiad took place in western Turkey, and the heroes of the tales had already been regarded as hero/gods by the Atlantic based sea peoples." Sora continues to say that a great war had been fought along the Atlantic coastline followed by a catastrophe. Homer writing four hundred years and twenty-five years later, was given these Scandinavian, Celtic, and Atlantic tales and for artistic sake placed them in his own world. The Origin of Culture  reports that Diodorus Sicilus talks about the critics of Homer and the mythographers who placed Jason and the Argonauts, the Amazons, Perseus and Andromeda, the Gorgons and Medusa, Medea, and Athena in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea when they were born upon the Atlantic regions. It is even admitted by the Greeks that Apollo and Leto were born among the Hyperboreans on the Island of Britain; and that Odysseus did visit the island of Ogygia. Both Greek and Irish traditions affirm a close connection between both peoples. Sora says that the Sikels of Sicily, the Etruscans, the Peleset/Philistines, and Phoenicians in Gades and Morocco were all Atlantic sea people. One should probably include the unusual cultures of Rhodes, Corinth, Crete, and Malta among the Atlantians who sought refuge in the Mediterranean.The real city of Troia existed in Portugal.

Other Seaborne Empires (thalassocracies)

The Minoans of Crete: In an article in Forbidden History, Frank Joseph presents some important facts about the Minoans. The eruption of the volcano by Thera/Santorini created a 200 foot high tsunami that wrecked the coastal parts of Crete. This disaster allowed the Greek Mycenaens to take over this ancient sea empire. While the Minoans actively pursued pirates, they were international traders rather than conquerors. In fact, they resemble the ancient Phoenicians in many ways. Their cities had no walls or battlements of any kind, and were laid out on square grids rather than circles which some cultures preferred. Many Atlantic cultures had fortified coastal cities in bays and swamps with canals (which Crete may have had before the tsunami), while the main Cretean cities of Knossos and Phaistos were far inland upon the mountains. The Minoan bull ceremonies were not unique but shared with many cultures upon the Atlantic as well as Iberia, Greece, Egypt, Assyria, and the Hittite. Of course their Minotaur was unique.

Upon a visit to Crete and Knossos we noticed massive wooden beams running vertically through the stone walls. This may have been a seismic structure to absorb the shock waves and allow the entire structure to roll with the shock. Furthermore, I read that they employed serpents in the temples which quickly slithered away some time before an impending quake.

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